The first course on the Integrated Cadastre System, conducted on November 23-26, presented an in-depth review of such important aspects as registration, maintenance, valuation and taxation. The course was conducted by Ana Mateo, current Deputy Director General of Valuation and Inspection at the General Directorate of Cadastre of the Spanish Ministry of Finance. The course …
The purpose of this activity is to improve the contribution the NCA has been making to Belarus’ academic education in order to ensure that the NCA’s future employees have the necessary technical knowledge. The work under Activity A4.3 is aimed at preparing a document containing recommendations for updating the curricula for geospatial and cadaster-related subjects …
The second mission of Activity A2.2 intended to enhance the capacity of the National Cadastral Agency (NCA) to publish, edit and maintain its geospatial metadata was held on 14, 15 and 16 October 2020. Experts Paloma Abad and Laura Alemany of the Spanish National Geographic Institute (CNIG) held thematic sessions in close cooperation with the …
Mandatory result 1 (Component 1- Increased capacity for sharing spatial data following interoperability principles of INSPIRE in Belarus
Create an enhanced understanding of interoperability practice in EU MS, of what spatial data is available in Belarus and how it can be explored, as well as what is available in terms of web-based service interoperability that the NCA could contribute to and benefit from in the frame of an SDI. The possibility of using data that is already available elsewhere will avoid duplication of efforts in data collection and thus save time and money.
The purpose of this component is to develop a better understanding of how best to share spatial data between the various stakeholders in Belarus. Key to this understanding are the interoperability principles of the INSPIRE Directive and how INSPIRE is implemented in the various MS of the EU. Workshops and study visits will be organised to get a first-hand view of the best practices in INSPIRE implementation within the EU.
Mandatory Result 2 (Component 2) – Newly acquired knowledge from experiences and lessons learned from EU Member States applied in order to define and develop harmonised spatial datasets for the NCA and its collaborators, at the different administrative levels.
Improve the in-depth assessment of harmonisation of data from the NCA’s existing registers in order to augment the services the NCA provides. This will improve the design and development of a future consolidated, consistent and high-quality spatial information base with well-defined procedures.
The increased understanding of the benefits of a harmonised database will also inform design considerations for a dedicated building information management system incorporating building floor and underground facilities plans and will support efficiency and decision-making in State property (land) management.
Mandatory Result 3 (Component 3) – Enhanced e-services capacity of the NCA and revised IT capacity.
Requirements for increasing NCA e-services provision to its various users are reviewed and assessed. This will pave the way to an integrated and sustainable design of the services. An overall assessment of supporting hard- and software capacities and of application development will be carried out to ensure that the enhanced information management throughout the organisation that this project aims for can be designed and implemented.
The main objective of this component is to facilitate the increased provision of electronic geospatial services. To this end, the necessary requirements for the publication of these digital services will be reviewed in line with the interoperability principles set out in the INSPIRE directive.
Mandatory Result 4 (Component 4) – Strengthened human capacity for data production, management and exchange, throughout the NCA and its collaborating offices at all administrative levels.
Develop the skills and knowledge base of NCA staff at all levels on which the NCA is operating (national, regional, district) and for the various roles and responsibilities at these levels. GIS and IT staff will benefit from strengthened interoperability knowledge through participation in the annual INSPIRE conference in autumn 2019 and/or any other relevant event at European level. Training developed and carried out in coordination with the SPC Training Centre.
Review, develop and enhance the input of the NCA to academic education to ensure that future staff is up-to-date with legal, technical and administrative changes and development possibilities and needs.
The main aim of this component is to strengthen the capacity of NCA staff on data production, management and exchange.
National Cadastral Agency (HKA / NCA)
Web site: http://nca.by
Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastral Agency“
Founder: State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus Building
Functions: Element of the state infrastructure in the field of land administration (cadastre, register of rights, formation of real estate, mass and individual assessment of real estate, monitoring and analysis of the real estate market). The enterprise is the Republican organization on the state registration under the Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus № 603 (2002).
Information resources: Unified state register of real estate, rights to it and transactions with it, Unified register of administrative-territorial and territorial units of the Republic of Belarus, register of value of land plots of the state land cadastre, register of prices for real estate of the state land cadastre, register of names of streets and roads of the Republic of Belarus, register of classifiers of information of the state land cadastre, register of addresses of the Republic of Belarus, etc.
Main projects in the field of IT: Unified automated information system of real estate register of the Republic of Belarus, corporate system of exchange of electronic documents of organizations on state registration and external users, automated system of mass valuation of lands, etc.
Main projects in the field of assessment: Cadastral assessment of lands of the Republic of Belarus (2003-2007)
Spanish Cadaster (Dirección General del Catastro)
Web site: http://www.catastro.meh.es/
The Spanish Directorate General for Cadastre has rich experience in international cooperation projects. Some of them focused on technical cooperation and others on supporting the design of cadastral models and the fortification of the institutions in charge of their implantation, and it is the main reference in cadastre for Latin-American countries.
Experience in real estate data models
The General Directorate for the Spanish Cadastre has extensive experience in the definition of real estate data models that allow the massive appraisal of real estate.
This point is critical to the definition of data models since the proposed real estate databases will not only contain purely descriptive data but those that are relevant for the definition of real estate valuation models (AVM).
Extensive experience of the General Directorate for the Spanish Cadastre in inter-administrative processes of cooperative maintenance and data transfer between public administrations.
The General Directorate of the Spanish Cadastre propose a concept of strong operational interoperability between the different bodies potentially involved in the cadastral maintenance.
This includes the identification of such bodies and organisations, as well as the study of how periodical transfer of relevant data between administrations should be done in order to allow a coordinated and consisting way of collaborative interadministrative working, according to the inspire principle that the data should be captured and managed by the institution which is closer to the source of data.
According to this, the Spanish Cadastre has strong experience in a cadastral collaborative way of maintenance and receives relevant information by several operators that allow the updating of data concerning ownership (notaries, land registries, agricultural management authorities).
The Spanish Cadastre also receives information from notaries, ensuring the maintenance of the economic data of the real estate, through the capture in origin of the market values.
Regarding the supply of information, proposed solutions will not merely contain a catalogue of public open data, but it will specially consider and define the administrative workflows of public information currently existing, in order to improve the maintenance of the Cadastre in Belarus.
Strong orientation of the data to taxation purposes
The General Directorate of the Cadastre of Spain is a Tax Administration and has a strong taxation vision of the cadastral data in a wide way.
This ensures the management of both cartographic and its alphanumeric associated datasets and will overcome the concept of cadastral data as if it were mere geographic information.
This strong orientation to the tax business will be useful as it suits the needs and expectative of the NCA of Belarus.
Strong knowledge of the Spanish General Directorate of Cadastre of automated valuation models and Artificial Intelligence tools oriented to massive appraisal.
The General Directorate of Cadastre of Spain has experience and knowledge since the beginning of the 2000s in several mechanisms of automated valuation.
This experience includes methodologies of Artificial Intelligence (neural networks, proximity algorithms K-nearest neighbours), and more recently other techniques that allow to carry out in an automated or at least assisted way critical processes related to the automated valuation.
These critical processes are the following ones:
Firstly, the automated generation of zones of valuation
To ensure this aim, specific methodologies and construction of artificial variables that allow the generation of territorially homogeneous regions for the purpose of valuation will be proposed.
Specific mechanisms for filtering market information
These procedures include various methodologies aimed to determining and defining the relevant comparisons for the purpose of defining automated valuation models.
These models were carried out from the simplest definition of zonal mean values, and more sophisticated systems based on regressions or even in neural networks techniques.
Definition of automated real estate valuation models
An adequate definition of the real estate alphanumeric data model allows its massive treatment through specific valuation tools.
An adequate design of the Real Estate data model allows an adequate development and implementation of automated tools for massive valuation.
The Spanish Cadastre has extensive experience in the development and implementation of these tools, which began in 2000.
Spanish Cadastre can provide training on automated valuation models and its adaptation to the tax purpose. This includes analysis of the existing tax regulations in Belarus in order to guarantee that the results of the automated valuation are fully usable in all their aspects by the tax authorities.
The Spanish Cadastre has extensive experience in the elaboration of automated valuations for taxation purposes, and in this moment is the main supplier of real estate values both to local and regional administrations as well to the Spanish Tax Administration Agency.
Strong Capacity in Management of cadastral cartography.
The Spanish cadastre can provide training on the maintenance and management of the cadastral cartography by digital means. This implies specific cartographic operations on the cadastral parcel map according to the alterations that are produced by the legal and economic operators, as well as the elaboration of specific layers that allow the automated processing of the cartographic and market data. This includes the generation of layers of thematic cartography oriented to the automated valuation sectorisation and the generation of layers of urban cartography.
Various mechanisms that guarantee the maintenance of cartographic layers oriented to cadastral maintenance and its assessment will be analysed and proposed.
The proposal highlights the fact that the cadastral cartography is an instrument at the service of real estate taxation and not a mere cartographic territorial description.
This is the vision of the cartography that the Cadastral General Directorate that has been developed in the recent decades.
Experience in e-government
The General Directorate of the Spanish Cadastre since 2003 has an electronic point of access for citizens to public services, being at this time one of the most advanced tax administrations in this aspect in Spain.
The Netherlands’ Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster)
Web site: https://www.kadaster.com/
Kadaster is part of the international land administration and geo-information community. Kadaster invests in international relations and contributes to international congresses, conferences, publications and educational programs. We also share our knowledge with organisations such as the World Bank and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), in which we provide the chair for Commission 3 until 2022. In addition, Kadaster is represented in the management boards of several international organisations, such as EuroGeographics, the European Land Registry Association (ELRA), UN-GGIM Global and Europe and the WPLA (Working Party on Land Administration).
Kadaster is internationally active in the fields of information, education and research. Together with ITC (Twente University) we are responsible for the School for Land Administration Studies, in which we contribute in the Chair of Land Information Modelling. Together with the Delft University Kadaster developed the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM) / Land Administration Domain Model (LADM). Kadaster maintains the ‘International Office of Cadastre and Land Records’ (OICRF), an international documentation centre on the issue of land registration.
International consultancy is part of Kadaster’s core tasks. Like all products and services of Kadaster the aim is that the costs should be covered. The projects often are financed from available funds provided by for example the Dutch Government, the European Commission, the United Nations or the World Bank. Kadaster has extensive knowledge and skills regarding land registration, topographic mapping, spatial data infrastructures, and land consolidation and prefers to work in close collaboration with national organisations.
Kadaster is a holder of an NEN-EN ISO 9001:2008 and 27001:2005 Certificates.
Spanish National Centre of Geographic Information (CNIG)
Web site: www.idee.es.
The second Spanish organisation that participates in the project is the National Centre of Geographic Information (CNIG). It is the Spanish National Contact Point with the European Commission in relation to INSPIRE Directive Implementation and through the Executive Board of the Geographic Information Infrastructure of Spain (CODIIGE) assures that the Public Administrations establish the geographic information infrastructures for integration of the harmonized geographic data and services for which they are responsible.
The lessons learned, methods implemented, and good practices successfully developed and applied in the Spanish NSDI and multinational SDI projects in Latin America, in which CNIG has been closely involved can be very useful in order to create and foster in Belarus a healthy and collaborative community of actors publishing web spatial services and sharing data, experiences and knowledge.
CNIG will provide its experience and vision on the three main pillars for underpinning a NSDI from the Geographic Information sector the development of a single digital market and information society: open data, open services and open software. CNIG can also provide the Spanish experience defining a national standard on “Geographic Open Data1” (UNE 148004:2018)2.
A metadata portal is a key resource to make visible, findable and usable the Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) resources implemented and CNIG can provide its experience following different approaches to implement it, taking into account different models: cataloguing all existing resources (bottom-up) and select-and-publish reference resources (top-down). Also, CNIG has experience with several catalogue tools.
The Spanish Cadastre experience guarantees that the proposal is balanced in the different aspects of cadastral activity: management and maintenance of cadastral cartography, management and maintenance of alphanumeric data of real estate, as well as capture and treatment of market data and its subsequent automated real estate valuation for taxation purposes, and the transfer of the data to the tax authorities.
Regarding the generation and coordination of metadata contents, CNIG has experience with several solutions to obtain the metadata from the datasets, series and services of Spain and with the validation of the metadata and their compliance with INSPIRE Implementing Rules.
CNIG will transfer its knowledge and experience in the development and evolution of Spanish National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) based on a Working Group set up in 2002, a National Geoportal opened in 2004 and a Spanish Legal Framework founded in 2010. The URL for the NSDI Geoportal is www.idee.es.
Fundación Internacional y para Iberoamérica de Administración y Políticas Públicas (FIIAPP)
Web site: https://www.fiiapp.org/en/
The Fundación Internacional y para Iberoamérica de Administración y Políticas Públicas (FIIAPP) is a public operator, part of the Spanish international cooperation system. It works at the service of public administrations, managing the participation of their different bodies in international technical cooperation projects and programmes. FIIAPP is the Spanish management unit for the EU Twinning programme.
FIIAPP aims at improving the institutional framework and functioning of public systems of the countries where it works, through projects that promote the exchange of experiences between administrations. It supports the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of public policies, as well as the administrative organisation and development of legislation. Other activities of FIIAPP cover research on administrations and public policies and capacity building of civil servants and public sector managers. It improves policies that have an impact on people, while building trustful and sustainable partnerships between administrations.
FIIAPP is one of the main European operators for technical cooperation
Geographical scope: Latin America, Europe, the Mediterranean, Asia and Africa
Sectors: Governance, Security, Infrastructures, Public Finances, Justice, Transparency, Rights, Social Policies…
Twinning, delegated cooperation, services, grants: FIIAPP supports the design and implementation of public policies and institutional capacity building in 8 key sectors: Social Policies and Rights, Governance and Modernisation of Public Administrations, Migration and Mobility, Economy and Public Finances, Infrastructures and Communications, Green Economy, Security and Fight Against Organized Crime, Justice and Transparency.
FIIAPP adapts to different types of instruments and procedures, allowing the mobilized public sector experts to concentrate on their technical work. FIIAPP is the Spanish management unit for the EU Twinning programme and has passed the pillar assessment of the European Commission for indirect management of EU budget through delegation agreements.